'Electron Paramagnetic Resonance' is one option -- get in to view more @ The Web's largest and most authoritative acronyms and abbreviations resource. The EPR polymers can be tailored for different applications.  Instead, there is banning or taxation of plastic bags, which puts the responsibility on the consumers.  Organizations and researchers against EPR claim that the mandate would slow innovation and impede technological progress. ", Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE), Institute of Electronics and Electrical Engineers, "Extended Producer Responsibility An examination of its impact on innovation and greening products", "Proceedings - Extended Product Responsibility", "Extending Producer Responsibility: An Evaluation Framework for Product Take-Back Policies", "Public Policy Approaches for the Reduction of Plastic Bag Marine Debris", "Ten Lessons Learned from State E-Waste Laws", "Eight Million Tons of Illegal E-Waste is Smuggled into China Each Year", "How recycling has changed in all 50 states", "The Light Bulb Conspiracy: The Story of Planned Obsolescence", "Annie Leonard interview & "Story of Electronics" release", "Could the Chinese National Sword inspire global recycling innovation? EPR operator’s corporate objectives (recycling targets) for 2021 ... EPR is never a stand-alone waste management policy; it should be supported by complementary approaches. Emissions data are reported to the IPCC as contributions of producing industries located in a particular country rather than as embodiments in products consumed by a particular population, irrespective of productive origin.  The CAP-EPR followed years of waste and recycling efforts in Canada that remained largely ineffective as the diversion rates from landfills and incineration persisted. Gallego, B. and M. Lenzen (2005). Despite three decades worth of recycling efforts, Canada fell short of many other G8 and OECD countries. The goals of take-back laws are to. Denmark's Second National Communication on Climate Change submitted under the UN FCCC. The Institute of Electronics and Electrical Engineers (IEEE) has also proposed a deposit-refund system dealt with by producers. The directive requires the Member States to encourage design and production methods that take into account the future dismantling and recovery of their products. Spangenberg, J. H. and S. Lorek (2002). EPR stands for Environmental Performance Review (various organizations) Suggest new definition. The primary goals of these take-back laws therefore are to partner with the private sector to ensure that all waste is managed in a way that protects public health and the environment. Conches-Geneva, Switzerland. The case for tackling biodiversity loss, climate change and environmental risks to public health is clear.  In the US, under the Clinton presidency, the President's Council on Sustainable Development suggested EPR in order to target different participants in the cycle of a product's life. Cerin, P. (2005) Environmental Strategies in Industry: Turning Business Incentives into Sustainability. An alternative to these policies would be to increase extended producer responsibility. Further guidance may be obtained in relation to other permits regulated by the , Technology, & Society, 6:6 best suit their own country efforts, Canada short. 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